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Tests o test

¿Cuánto sabes de videojuegos? demuéstralo con este Test de nivel básico

Llegó el momento de demostrar qué tanto sabes sobre la industria de los videojuegos. Este Test de preguntas ha sido elaborado para ponerte a prueba y ver si tienes los conocimientos suficientes para superar el nivel básico. ¡Descuida! es un quiz de preguntas asequible. Los temas que se abordan tratan acerca de la historia de los videojuegos, información sobre la jugabilidad, vínculo entre personajes, consolas y demás curiosidades.

Test de videojuegos nivel básico

Tienes que tener en cuenta esto antes de resolver el quiz de preguntas:
1. Cada pregunta solo tiene una respuesta correcta, así que lee bien las alternativas y piensa bien antes de responder.
2. Se trata de un quiz de 10 preguntas con 4 alternativas cada una que debes afrontar sin usar ningún tipo de ayuda. No se te ocurra usar Google, la idea es que respondas con los conocimientos que tienes actualmente sobre videojuegos.
3. Se trata de un test básico sobre videojuegos, no vas a encontrar preguntas rebuscadas ni mucho menos, tampoco es que sea muy fácil de responder.

¿Estás preparado? solo tienes que hacer clic en el test de arriba. ¡A jugar!
En Depor Play queremos que pases un momento de entretenimiento. Esto es solo el principio, si el test te resultó muy fácil, puedes continuar con nuestro test de nivel intermedio.
No olvides dejarnos tus comentarios aquí abajo sobre este Test de nivel básico y conocer cómo te fue en esta prueba inicial.

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Hay juegos de preguntas y respuestas que son excelentes para poner a prueba nuestros conocimientos. Otros pasatiempos, en cambio, se centran en ejercitar la memoria o mejorar la capacidad de atención, como es el caso de los juegos de diferencias.

Juegos de preguntas

En Buen Saber, queremos que encuentres todo tipo de entretenimiento en un solo lugar. Por lo que preparamos una lista de juegos gratis y online para que demuestres tus habilidades y destrezas.

7 juegos de preguntas y respuestas

1. ¿No te dan miedo los retos? 15 preguntas que no fueron respondidas en “¿Quién quiere ser millonario?”

Wikimedia Commons, Idea SV

No hay otra forma de empezar estar lista, si no es con un test inspirado en el popular concurso de preguntas y respuestas “¿Quién quiere ser millonario?”.

Como bien lo dice el título, las 15 interrogantes que componen el desafío no fueron respondidas correctamente durante la transmisión del programa, sin embargo, confiamos en ti y en que puedas acertar sin utilizar un comodín.

2. ¿Sabes diferenciar las distintas especies de animales? Inténtalo

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Los juegos de diferencias permiten mejorar la capacidad de atención. Este test, además, te exigirá que pongas en práctica los conocimientos que tienes sobre el reino animal. ¿Puedes distinguir entre un guepardo, un jaguar y un leopardo? Solo 1 de cada 15 puede hacerlo.

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Test de Personalidad gratis

Realice este test de personalidad gratuito para saber más sobre sí mismo y sus puntos fuertes. La información resulta muy útil a la hora de elegir una carrera profesional. Este test de personalidad mide los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad, que fueron desarrollados a lo largo de tres o cuatro décadas por varios grupos de investigadores independientes. El test de los Cinco Grandes factores de la personalidad es, con diferencia, el modelo psicológico de mayor validez científica y el más fiable para medir la personalidad.

El test que incluimos a continuación es rápido, gratuito y fiable. También es utilizado en el ámbito profesional por psicólogos, asesores laborales y otros profesionales que realizan evaluaciones de personalidad. Para poder calcular las puntuaciones de su personalidad lo más exactamente posible, el test es un poco más largo de lo habitual, aunque no debería tardar más de diez minutos en completarlo.

En el informe gratuito podrá conocer su puntuación en los cinco rasgos más importantes de la personalidad. Obtenga respuestas serias con este test de personalidad gratuito.

Instrucciones

  • Este cuestionario está compuesto por 120 enunciados. No existe limitación de tiempo. La mayoría de la gente tarda unos 15 minutos. Por favor, tómese el tiempo necesario.
  • Responda a todos los enunciados y por orden.
  • Asegúrese de que ha elegido la opción correcta. Si necesita cambiar una respuesta, simplemente seleccione la nueva respuesta y la incorrecta desaparecerá.
  • Intente no utilizar la opción «Neutro» demasiadas veces.
  • Descríbase a sí mismo tal y como es en general en la actualidad, no como desearía ser en el futuro.
  • Descríbase a sí mismo tal y como se ve en relación con otras personas del mismo sexo y, más o menos, de su misma edad. Una respuesta espontánea suele ser la más exacta.

Escoja la respuesta que mejor representa su opinión para cada enunciado:

– – Totalmente en desacuerdo Si está totalmente en desacuerdo o si el enunciado es definitivamente falso.
En desacuerdo Si no está de acuerdo o si el enunciado es, en su mayor parte, falso.
-/+ Neutro Si es neutral acerca del enunciado, si no puede decidirse o si el enunciado es igual de cierto que de falso.
+ De acuerdo Si está de acuerdo o si el enunciado es, en su mayor parte, verdadero.
+ + Totalmente de acuerdo Si está totalmente de acuerdo o si el enunciado es sin duda verdadero.

La psicometría tiene como objetivos principales la medición de las variables que determinan el comportamiento y comparar a distintos individuos en tales dimensiones. En el contexto de la psicología de la personalidad estos objetivos se manifiestan fundamentalmente en la cuantificación de los rasgos de personalidad por tal de predecir la conducta de forma probabilística.

Desde principios del siglo XX ha aparecido un gran número de pruebas de evaluación diseñadas para valorar la personalidad. En este artículo describiremos los 5 principales tipos de test de personalidad, que se aplican sobre todo en contextos académicos, laborales y, en el caso de los que miden características psicopatológicas, en el de la psicología clínica.

  • Artículo relacionado: «Tipos de test psicológicos: sus funciones y características»

Tipos de test de personalidad

Los instrumentos que se utilizan para evaluar la personalidad son clasificados por norma general en función de los criterios metodológicos que han determinado su construcción. En cualquier caso, la mayor parte de estas pruebas se basa en la medición numérica de constructos de personalidad y en la comparación del individuo evaluado con otros.

De este modo encontramos los test de personalidad racionales, hoy en día prácticamente en desuso, los empíricos (que se basan en criterios externos), los factoriales, en que los ítems se agrupan en rasgos, y los que combinan más de uno de los criterios anteriores; en este sentido resultan especialmente destacables las pruebas creadas por Millon y por Cloninger.

1. Racionales o deductivos

Los test racionales o deductivos se construyen a partir de elementos teóricamente relacionados con las variables que se pretende medir. Para ello los autores de la prueba se basan en criterios hipotéticos y se presupone que existe una correlación entre estos y los ítems del test.

En el año 1914, poco después del estallido de la Primera Guerra Mundial, el psicólogo estadounidense Robert Sessions Woodworth creó la primera prueba de evaluación de la personalidad. La “Hoja de Datos Personales de Woodsworth” (PDS) era una prueba de screening psicopatológico que tenía el objetivo de detectar la predisposición a la neurosis en soldados.

La PDS estaba compuesta por 116 ítems, que consistían en preguntas de respuesta dicotómica (“Sí/No”) como “¿Se te pasan por la mente pensamientos que no te dejan dormir?” y “¿Tienes un fuerte deseo de suicidarte?”. Se trataba de una prueba muy susceptible de falseamiento por parte de hombres que querían evitar el servicio militar.

Los test de personalidad racionales son los menos habituales de todos los tipos, puesto que enseguida fueron sustituidos por otros basados en criterios empíricos y factoriales, que dan lugar a instrumentos de evaluación más fiables y válidos. Sin embargo, y como veremos más adelante, algunos autores combinan criterios racionales con otros distintos.

  • Quizás te interese: «Psicología Diferencial: historia, objetivos y métodos»

2. Empíricos (basados en un criterio externo)

Los instrumentos de esta clase se centran en valorar la correlación entre las respuestas del sujeto a los ítems de evaluación y un criterio externo determinado; así, los elementos del test deben ser útiles para predecir la dimensión relevante.

En estos casos se evalúa a un grupo de sujetos que muestran ciertas características (como un trastorno psicológico) y se analizan los ítems por tal de escoger los más representativos de la variable criterio. A partir de estos se construye la prueba definitiva, que se aplica a otros sujetos por tal de valorar el mismo constructo.

El test de personalidad empírico más conocido es el Inventario Multifásico de Personalidad de Minnesota (MMPI), desarrollado por Starke R. Hathaway y Charnley McKinley en el año 1942. El MMPI se utiliza principalmente para evaluar la presencia de rasgos de personalidad relevantes en la psicopatología, como la paranoia, la depresión o la introversión social.

3. Factoriales o test de rasgos

Las pruebas factoriales de la personalidad son las que han tenido más éxito. Estos tests evalúan diversos factores, es decir, conjuntos de ítems que correlacionan entre ellos; por ejemplo, el factor “Cordialidad” estaría compuesto por elementos que evalúan aspectos como la franqueza, la modestia, el altruismo o la sensibilidad a las necesidades de los demás.

El Cuestionario Factorial de la Personalidad de Raymond B. Cattell, más conocido como “16 PF”, ha sido uno de los tests de personalidad más utilizados durante mucho tiempo. Este test evalúa 16 factores de primer orden (o básicos) que se agrupan en 4 más amplios: Rebeldía, Autosuficiencia, Autocontrol y Tensión.

No obstante, en la actualidad el test de personalidad hegemónico es el Inventario NEO-PI-R de Costa y McCrae, que también se basa en criterios factoriales. Esta prueba se enmarca en el modelo de los cinco grandes factores de personalidad, construido a partir de datos de investigación y con las aportaciones de muchos expertos distintos.

4. Mixtos (con criterios combinados)

Ciertos test de personalidad no pueden ser consideradas estrictamente racionales, empíricas ni factoriales, sino que han sido construidos a partir de una combinación de criterios. Una de las pruebas que mejor ejemplifican este tipo de metodología es el Inventario Clínico Multiaxial de Theodore Millon (MCMI), de la que se han derivado distintos test.

El MCMI fue construido mediante el uso de los tres criterios de los que hemos hablado. En primer lugar este autor se basó en su propia teoría para escoger un gran número de ítems (estrategia racional), después seleccionó una pequeña parte de estos comparándolos con criterios externos (empírica) y finalmente identificó las correlaciones entre elementos (factorial).

Test de personalidad

Conoce en qué consisten los test de personalidad.

¿Qué son?

Los cuestionarios o test de personalidad han sido diseñados para la evaluación de la personalidad de un individuo. De todas las definiciones de personalidad podemos concluir que la personalidad es un constructo que da unidad a todas las manifestaciones psicológicas del hombre. Estas manifestaciones pueden ser directamente observables o externas (movimientos corporales) como las indirectamente observable o internas (pensamientos, emociones, valores, etc.)

La historia de la evaluación de la personalidad es muy antigua. Autores como Boecio definen la personalidad como lo más singular o característico de cada uno, que forma la identidad, propia de cada individuo.

La personalidad está impregnada de cierta estabilidad, lo que permite hablar de una cierta manera de ser o de obrar. De ahí, que se pueda evaluar para obtener los rasgos definitorios de cada uno, pues constituye un modo habitual de responder a ciertos estímulos.

Además, su desarrollo es constante y pasa por etapas predeterminadas.

¿Cómo y por qué se utilizan?

A la hora de utilizar cuestionarios o test de personalidad para la evaluación del individuo, se puede recurrir a cuestionarios específicos, donde se pretende conocer unos rasgos distintivos adecuados a un tipo de perfil profesional o generales, en los que se miden una amplia gama de factores de la personalidad.

En 1949, Raymond B. Cattell, psicólogo británico de reconocido prestigio, elaboró el Cuestionario de los Dieciséis Factores de la Personalidad. Un cuestionario que tras el desarrollo de posteriores versiones es muy utilizado en todo el mundo. Los 16 rasgos definitorios son:

  • Emotividad
  • Domino
  • Vivacidad
  • Estado de ansiedad
  • Autoconfianza
  • Aprehensión
  • Distracción
  • Conocimiento de las normas
  • Abertura al cambio
  • Privacidad
  • Vigilancia
  • Sensibilidad
  • Aptitud situacional
  • Razonamiento
  • Cordialidad
  • Perfeccionismo

Según los factores que se quieran evaluar se pueden utilizar distintos instrumentos, ya sea test de análisis global como versiones adaptadas específicamente de cuestionarios generales. Por ejemplo, en el ámbito de la empresa privada, cuando se utilizan dichos cuestionarios para la evaluación de los candidatos a puestos de trabajo, estos descubren aspectos como el carácter autoritario, constancia en el trabajo, ansiedad, depresión, capacidad de intuición y razonamiento, empatía, etc. En la función pública, además de muchos otros, se suelen medir factores de acuerdo con las plazas a seleccionar. En el caso de Fuerzas Armadas, Fuerzas y Cuergos de Seguridad rasgos como autoritarismo, sinceridad, paranoia, histeria, seguridad, etc.

Por tanto, en función de las características del puesto a desempeñar se dará mayor peso a unos rasgos definitorios que a otros, pues no debemos olvidar que de lo que se trata es de buscar un perfil lo mas completo posible.

Como conclusión, podemos señalar que los cuestionarios o test de personalidad encuentran las diferencias comportamentales individuales. Con ello, se miden y describen las variables en cuanto a dimensión o rasgo. Así, fruto de la comparación entre individuos se obtiene la posición relativa y diferencial de la persona ante un comportamiento y en referencia a un grupo normativo.

5 Unexpected Things You Can Learn from Facebook Tests 

We often think about testing as something that is specific to the medium that we are in.

For example, we do website testing to test and improve our website. We do email headline testing to improve the results of our email.

But what if we could use digital tests to improve other areas of our marketing?

Businesses of all sizes are already using digital testing to get real-time feedback to impact far more than their online marketing.

In some cases, businesses are using these tests to determine and validate almost every aspect of their business and marketing strategy.

Digital tests are powerful because:

  • They can be done for under $50.
  • You can get results in under a week.
  • They are easy to set up.
  • There is factual data vs. opinions.
  • They don’t require a research agency.

Here are some of the things that you can test using Facebook that you probably haven’t thought of.

1. Your Ideal Target Audience

Most businesses have some idea of who their target audience is – demographics, behaviors, needs, wants. But many businesses struggle to find their target audience online.

For example, we created a new product to help people starting their own social media business – we know what they need and want and who they are, but we aren’t entirely sure how to find and identify this audience online in a way that we can target them with ads.

For some businesses, especially B2B, finding the audience online can be one of the most difficult challenges. For instance, knowing that you need to target IT Decision-Makers is one thing, being able to find them and target them online is more challenging.

How to Set up This Test

Facebook is the easiest platform to use, but you could also do this in any ad platform. It works best because there are plenty of targeting options.

For this test, you’ll need some ideas of who your target audience is – are they interested in specific celebrities, magazines or other pages?

Identify 4-6 target audiences to start testing.

Steps to Audience Testing

  • Create a campaign with ad objective of reach.
  • Create an adset for each target audience that you want to test.
  • Use creative that has a clear call to action that you know your audience is interested in.
  • Make all elements of the ad the same, except for the target audiences.

What You’ll Learn

At the end of this test, you’ll know which of the target audiences you selected is most receptive to your message.

Analyze the results and look for trends across multiple KPIs including:

  • Relevance score.
  • CPR.
  • Clicks.
  • Engagement rate.

You should see a trend in metrics from target audiences that respond best to your offer.

2. Your Concept or Creative Idea

Today a business gets pitched creative ideas by their agency (or internal team) and typically the highest paid person in the room decides what they like best.

While instinct is important, digital testing can play a key role in the early stages of concept or idea testing.

Create a Facebook post (preferably a short video) highlighting the concept for each creative idea. The goal is to use digital best practices to create simple creative that embodies each idea.

While it may be difficult to create a short, simple, low-cost social media video that embodies each concept, it can usually be done with some creativity.

Many agencies create mock-ups for the pitch stage, and these can be used in the test.

Steps to Creative Testing

  • Set up a campaign with the objective that matches your most common ad objective.
  • Create only one ad set.
  • You can use a budget as small as $20 per creative and get meaningful results.
  • Use the Facebook A/B testing tool to easily create this test – it will normalize all other aspects of ad delivery.

At the end of this test, you’ll know which concept resonated both with people.

While the challenge is that the final result will largely depend on the creative execution, this gives you some data to understand how people are responding to your creative concepts.

Most businesses test creative at the optimization stage (see #5) not the concept stage.

3. The Validity of a New Business or New Product Launch

When you are looking at launching a new business or product, it is important to understand how receptive people are and if they will actually buy.

Digital testing can be an easy way to see how people respond to your business or product proposition – and you can do it without an actual product or even a website.

To set up this test, you need a Facebook post (ideally a short video or a great image) and a clear idea of who your target audience is.

The idea is to essentially run an ad for your product (yes, even if it doesn’t exist) to judge the response rate.

Steps to New Business or Product Testing

  • Create a concept video or image for your post.
  • Setup the campaign as a click campaign – as clicks can indicate intent.
  • Create a quick landing page on Instapages or something similar and ask a few survey questions to better understand purchase intent.

The combination of click data and survey responses will give you lots of insight into the purchase intent for your business or product idea. You don’t need the actual product to see what people respond to – the concept is enough.

4. Marketing Messaging

Marketing messaging is about identify the pain or benefit that your product is really delivering to your target audience.

I recently worked with a business that was about to plan a new campaign, but upon doing the message testing, they found that the message focused on the current benefit worked best.

Instead of a new message, they just needed to refresh how they were communicating the message.

To effectively test marketing messaging you need similar creative for each message.

For example, if the message is product benefit a strong product shot with 3 – 5 words of the benefit would work. If the message is more emotional, similar quality and style of imagery for each message should be used.

The idea is to use creative that is as similar as possible so that the message is the only real difference. We know that the image is the first thing people see on ads, so the image must be customized to match the concept to get results.

Steps to Marketing Messaging Testing

  • Create similar creatives with each message.
  • Setup a reach campaign with the same target audience you typically aim to reach.
  • Either use Facebook A/B testing or for more control create different adsets for each creative.

This test will help you understand which message matters most to people and causes them to act.

Look at all of the metrics together to understand the results from your test including:

  • Relevance score.
  • Clicks.
  • CPM.
  • Engagement rate.
  • Sentiment of comments (if any).

5. Content Optimization

Creative or content is the most important part of your digital marketing execution.

If your content doesn’t have “Thumb stopping power” you won’t break through the noise online and drive business impact.

Content optimization testing is focused on optimizing the details of your content to get the best result. This could be a button color, text color, image style, headline, or anything.

To effectively test content optimization it is usually helpful to have a few ideas of what you want to test – or a hypothesis.

What are some of the elements of your creative execution that are likely to impact your results?

Consider testing image styles, copy styles (short vs. long), emojis, etc. Start with a hypothesis so that you know what you want to learn from the test.

Steps to Content Optimization Testing

  • Create your campaign with the relevant ad objective for the campaign.
  • For each ad set, use multiple variants of the creative.
  • Analyze the results afterward – note that Facebook will automatically push the budget towards the creative that performs best.

This test will help you to understand the style, format, or creative execution that performs best.

For example, a diaper company may find that images with the entire family perform better vs. just the baby or just the mom.

A brand may find that longer text performs better vs. shorter text. These optimizations will grow your results over time.

Additional Tips for Digital Testing

Whenever you are running a test on digital, there are a few important principles to keep in mind:

  • Know what you are testing upfront and have a clear hypothesis.
  • Try to keep everything as similar as possible except for what you are testing for.
  • Set your ad objective for whatever objective you typically run ads for.
  • Look at multiple metrics together and look for a trend.
  • Have a benchmark – otherwise your best performer could still be mediocre.
  • Look for significant differences between results.
  • One test may lead to another – sometimes you need multiple tests to learn as you go.

The latest campaign in Africa is the first well-documented case of Russia “franchising,” or outsourcing, its disinformation efforts to local parties, said Facebook and the Stanford researchers. It’s unusual for a nation to try to influence so many countries at once, they said.

Shelby Grossman, one of the Stanford researchers, said that Russians in some cases set up local media organizations in the African countries to employ locals who would post the propaganda and false content on Facebook. In other cases, the Russians hired existing media groups to do so.

Facebook said it was unclear specifically when the Russian activity in Africa started because the Russians took over some existing pages on the social network. But the posts ramped up last year when the influence networks bought Facebook ads. In total, the networks spent more than $87,000 on Facebook ads.

The networks often posted about political news, including elections in Madagascar and Mozambique. They sought to drive Facebook users from the platform and into public groups on WhatsApp and Telegram, which are encrypted messaging apps, to increase interaction. And they used Facebook Live videos, Google Forms and quizzes to draw people into their Facebook pages and groups.

Some of the Facebook pages pushing Russian disinformation were not sophisticated. A cluster of pages posing as Libyan news entities posted about Libyan issues, but the page managers were in Egypt, the Netherlands, Germany and other countries, said the Stanford researchers. Some of the pages experienced unnatural jumps in followers and other telltale signs of inauthentic behavior.

Mr. Gleicher said some of the Russian-run pages and groups also used compromised Facebook accounts that once belonged to real people but had been stolen and repurposed by hackers. He said that Facebook is still building out its automated systems for detecting compromised accounts, so the company still misses some and pulls in its investigative team to catch them.

Facebook said its investigation had “connected these campaigns to entities associated with” Mr. Prigozhin, but the company declined to say how. Mr. Prigozhin controlled the entity that financed Russia’s Internet Research Agency.

Facebook takes flight

At 2AM, in the dark morning hours of June 28th, Mark Zuckerberg woke up and got on a plane. He was traveling to an aviation testing facility in Yuma, AZ, where a small Facebook team had been working on a secret project. Their mission: to design, build, and launch a high-altitude solar-powered plane, in the hopes that one day a fleet of the aircraft would deliver internet access around the world.

Facebook 2026

Read our full interview with Mark Zuckerberg

Zuckerberg arrived at the Yuma Proving Ground before dawn. “A lot of the team was really nervous about me coming,” Zuckerberg said in an interview with The Verge. A core group of roughly two dozen people work on the drone, named Aquila (uh-KEY-luh), in locations from Southern California to the United Kingdom. For months, they had been working in rotations in Yuma, a small desert city in southwestern Arizona known primarily for its brutal summer temperatures.

On this day, Aquila would have its first functional test flight: the goal consisted of taking off safely, stabilizing in the air, and flying for at least 30 minutes before landing. “I just felt this is such an important milestone for the company, and for connecting the world, that I have to be there,” Zuckerberg says.

For Facebook, Aquila is more than a proof of concept. It’s a linchpin of the company’s plan to bring the internet to all 7 billion people on Earth, regardless of their income or where they live. Doing so will lift millions of people out of poverty, Zuckerberg says, improving education and health globally along the way. But it will also enable the next generation of Facebook’s services in artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and more. This next era of tech will require higher bandwidth and more reliable connections than we have today, and drones can help deliver both. The road to a VR version of Facebook begins where Aquila leaves the runway.

Image courtesy of Facebook

As the Sun rose over the desert, a crane lifted Aquila onto the dolly structure that would propel it into the sky. The drone has a tremendous wingspan: 141 feet, compared to a Boeing 737’s 113 feet. And yet Facebook engineered Aquila to be as light as possible to permit ultra-long flights. Built with carbon fiber, the latest iteration of the drone weighs around 900 pounds — about half as much as a Smart car.

On the ground, Facebook’s employees were elated; some wiped away tears

A remote control operator activated the dolly, and Aquila began rumbling down the runway. The plane is attached to the dolly with four straps. When it reached sufficient speed, pyrotechnic cable cutters known as “squibs” cut through the straps, and Aquila lifted into the air, where it floated up its test altitude of 2,150 feet and stabilized. On the ground, Facebook’s employees were elated; some wiped away tears. “It was this incredibly emotional moment for everyone on the team who’s poured their lives into this for two years,” Zuckerberg said.

Watching from below, Zuckerberg was struck by Aquila’s deliberate, unhurried pace. “It flies really slowly,” he said two weeks later, at Facebook’s headquarters in Menlo Park, CA. “Most times when people are designing planes, they’re designing them to get people or things from place to place, so there’s no real advantage to moving slowly. But if your goal is to stay in the air for a long period of time, then you want to use as little energy as possible — which means going as slowly as you physically can, while not falling out of the air.”

Flying between 60,000 and 90,000 feet, Aquila uses lasers to transmit data to other aircraft as well as receivers on the ground that then convert signals into internet access.

Flight Manual

Okay — but why a plane? There are lots of ways to bring the internet to people that don’t involve designing your own drone.

There are satellites, which are good at delivering internet access to wide geographical areas. But they’re only effective in areas with low population density — too many users can gobble up the bandwidth in a hurry.

There are cellular towers, which excel at connecting dense urban populations. But building enough cellular towers to cover the entire Earth is considered too expensive and impractical, even for Facebook.

If the drones could be built cheaply enough, they would one day dot the skies

In 2014, Zuckerberg wrote a paper analyzing various methods of internet delivery. High-altitude drones, he said, could serve a huge audience of people who live in medium-sized cities or on the outskirts of urban areas. They fly closer to the ground than satellites, meaning their signals are stronger and more useful to larger populations. And they fly above regulated airspace, making them easier to deploy.

If Facebook could build a drone that gathered most of its power from the Sun, Zuckerberg reasoned, it could fly for 90 days. A laser communications system could deliver high-speed internet to base stations on the ground, connecting everyone within 50 kilometers. The planes would be easier to maneuver than, say, balloons — a method embraced by Google, which has embarked on its own global connectivity crusade with Project Loon. (Last year Google challenged Facebook more directly with Project Titan, a solar-powered internet delivery drone of its own.) If the drones could be built cheaply enough, they would one day dot the skies, and become a critical piece of the global internet infrastructure.

And so 26 months ago, Zuckerberg set an ambitious goal: to release a functional version of Aquila in just a couple years. He personally recruited experts from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and MIT’s Media Lab, among other places, to bring his vision to life.

As part of the project, Facebook spent nearly $20 million to acquire the team behind Ascenta, an aviation consultancy led by Andy Cox. Cox is a mechanical engineer who previously worked on a team that kept a solar-powered drone in the sky for two weeks — still a world record. After Facebook acquired his consultancy, Cox became Zuckerberg’s top lieutenant on the Aquila project. The team works out of a warehouse in Bridgewater, 150 miles west of London.

Aquila used 2,000 watts of energy — the equivalent output of five strong cyclists

As recounted in Wired earlier this year, building a working model of Aquila put the team in daily battle with the laws of physics. Early on, it attempted to launch Aquila with a hot-air balloon. A planned test flight date of October 2015 was pushed back, and then pushed back again. Attempts to fly a 27-foot scale model of Aquila were hampered by El Niño storms.

But by June 28th of this year, the team had overcome those hurdles. At cruise altitude, Aquila was using just 2,000 watts of energy — the equivalent output of five strong cyclists, Zuckerberg says. The company hoped Aquila would successfully remain aloft for half an hour. But it was so stable that they kept it in the air for 90 minutes before landing it safely.

Image courtesy of Facebook

The Hard Part

In its first flight, Aquila exceeded engineers’ expectations for its energy efficiency. More test flights are planned, aimed at flying Aquila “faster, higher, and longer,” says Jay Parikh, Facebook’s vice president of engineering, in a blog post today. And then Aquila will have its next big test: flying with the “payload,” as Facebook calls the laser communication system that a team is building in Woodland Hills, CA. In July 2015, the team announced that its lasers could deliver data at tens of gigabits per second, about 10 times faster than the previous standard. And the lasers are quite precise, able to target an area the size of a dime from 10 miles away. (The lasers connect with base stations on the ground to supply internet access.) Facebook says the system has performed well in independent tests.

When will a fleet of Aquila drones bring data to the world? Facebook won’t say. There are several technical challenges remaining in getting Aquila to reliably fly 90-day stretches. The team hasn’t yet implemented solar panels on the prototype — the test flight plane ran using batteries only. The team is still working out how to build batteries with a density high enough to sustain lengthy missions. Then there’s the cost — Facebook says Aquila needs to be much cheaper if the world is going to deploy a fleet of them. “We need to develop more efficient on-board power and communication systems; ensure the aircraft are resilient to structural damage to reduce maintenance costs and able to stay aloft for long periods of time to keep fleet numbers low; and minimize the amount of human supervision associated with their operation,” Cox wrote in a blog post today.

Aquila is also likely to face regulatory obstacles, which could rival the laws of physics in terms of the challenges they present. Facebook and Google have teamed up to work with authorities, such as the Federal Aviation Administration, to get permission for test flights and obtain access to the spectrum they need to serve data.

Aquila’s lasers are able to target an area the size of a dime from 10 miles away

Facebook says it doesn’t plan to use Aquila to build its own cellular network. Instead, Zuckerberg says, it wants to license the technology — or even give it away to telecommunications companies, governments, and nonprofits. In emergency situations, he says, Facebook could direct its fleet to troubled regions to bolster internet access for hospitals and nonprofit centers.

But it remains unclear how governments will receive Facebook’s latest idea for connecting the world. The company’s efforts at diplomacy have sometimes been clumsy; Indian regulators banned Free Basics, Facebook’s effort to provide some internet services for free, on the grounds that giving the company control over the included services violates net neutrality. Bringing more people onto the internet, after all, is a way of bringing more people onto Facebook — and regulators have worried that the company’s end goal is to simply replace the open web for most users, while reaping the rewards in advertising dollars.

Zuckerberg says the company has learned from its failure in India — one he hopes is temporary. “We’ve learned a lot about how we need to interact with governments and the political system and regulators, and build support in order to have these things work. And I think we’ll take those lessons forward,” he said. Solar-powered planes will raise additional regulatory issues, he says. “But when I meet world leaders, a lot folks are really excited about this, because you want your people to be online, and you want more opportunities. And connectivity is one of the biggest ways that people get access to opportunities.”

Image courtesy of Facebook

The path forward for Aquila isn’t totally clear, and it’s bound to encounter more bumps along the way. But Zuckerberg is resolute: billions of people who can’t access the internet deserve it. And for Facebook to achieve his long-term vision, everyone is going to need access to more bandwidth than they have today. A single test flight represents a tiny step toward getting there. But it also gives Facebook a dramatic success to rally around.

“I think the future is going to be thousands of solar-powered planes on the outskirts of cities and places where people live, and that’s gonna make connectivity both available and cheaper,” Zuckerberg says. “And, I think, can help play an important role in closing this gap of getting more than a billion people online. This is an early milestone, but it’s a big one.”

Zuckerberg smiled. “It’s not something you necessarily expect Facebook to do — because we’re not an aerospace company,” he said. “But I guess we’re becoming one.”

Update, 11/21: Aquila experienced a structural failure during the flight, which led to a National Transportation Safety Board investigation. Facebook did not disclose the failure during our reporting of this story.

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